Differentially expressed chaperone genes reveal a stress response required for unidirectional regeneration in the basal chordate Ciona - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles BMC Biology Year : 2023

Differentially expressed chaperone genes reveal a stress response required for unidirectional regeneration in the basal chordate Ciona

William Jeffery
Bo Li
  • Function : Author
Mandy Ng
  • Function : Author
Lianwei Li
  • Function : Author
Špela Gorički
  • Function : Author
Li Ma
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Abstract Background Unidirectional regeneration in the basal chordate Ciona intestinalis involves the proliferation of adult stem cells residing in the branchial sac vasculature and the migration of progenitor cells to the site of distal injury. However, after the Ciona body is bisected, regeneration occurs in the proximal but not in the distal fragments, even if the latter include a part of the branchial sac with stem cells. A transcriptome was sequenced and assembled from the isolated branchial sacs of regenerating animals, and the information was used to provide insights into the absence of regeneration in distal body fragments. Results We identified 1149 differentially expressed genes, which were separated into two major modules by weighted gene correlation network analysis, one consisting of mostly upregulated genes correlated with regeneration and the other consisting of only downregulated genes associated with metabolism and homeostatic processes. The hsp70 , dnaJb4 , and bag3 genes were among the highest upregulated genes and were predicted to interact in an HSP70 chaperone system. The upregulation of HSP70 chaperone genes was verified and their expression confirmed in BS vasculature cells previously identified as stem and progenitor cells. siRNA-mediated gene knockdown showed that hsp70 and dnaJb4, but not bag3, are required for progenitor cell targeting and distal regeneration. However, neither hsp70 nor dnaJb4 were strongly expressed in the branchial sac vasculature of distal fragments, implying the absence of a stress response. Heat shock treatment of distal body fragments activated hsp70 and dnaJb4 expression indicative of a stress response, induced cell proliferation in branchial sac vasculature cells, and promoted distal regeneration. Conclusions The chaperone system genes hsp70 , dnaJb4 , and bag3 are significantly upregulated in the branchial sac vasculature following distal injury, defining a stress response that is essential for regeneration. The stress response is absent from distal fragments, but can be induced by a heat shock, which activates cell division in the branchial sac vasculature and promotes distal regeneration. This study demonstrates the importance of a stress response for stem cell activation and regeneration in a basal chordate, which may have implications for understanding the limited regenerative activities in other animals, including vertebrates.

Dates and versions

hal-04457643 , version 1 (14-02-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

William Jeffery, Bo Li, Mandy Ng, Lianwei Li, Špela Gorički, et al.. Differentially expressed chaperone genes reveal a stress response required for unidirectional regeneration in the basal chordate Ciona. BMC Biology, 2023, 21 (1), pp.148. ⟨10.1186/s12915-023-01633-y⟩. ⟨hal-04457643⟩
4 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More