Phenotypic selection through cell death: stochastic modelling of O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase dynamics - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Royal Society Open Science Year : 2020

Phenotypic selection through cell death: stochastic modelling of O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase dynamics

Abstract

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive malignant primary brain tumour with a median overall survival of 15 months. To treat GBM, patients currently undergo a surgical resection followed by exposure to radiotherapy and concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ) chemotherapy. However, this protocol often leads to treatment failure, with drug resistance being the main reason behind this. To date, many studies highlight the role of O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) in conferring drug resistance. The mechanism through which MGMT confers resistance is not well studied—particularly in terms of computational models. With only a few reasonable biological assumptions, we were able to show that even a minimal model of MGMT expression could robustly explain TMZ-mediated drug resistance. In particular, we showed that for a wide range of parameter values constrained by novel cell growth and viability assays, a model accounting for only stochastic gene expression of MGMT coupled with cell growth, division, partitioning and death was able to exhibit phenotypic selection of GBM cells expressing MGMT in response to TMZ. Furthermore, we found this selection allowed the cells to pass their acquired phenotypic resistance onto daughter cells in a stable manner (as long as TMZ is provided). This suggests that stochastic gene expression alone is enough to explain the development of chemotherapeutic resistance.
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hal-04521792 , version 1 (26-03-2024)

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Ayoub Lasri, Viktorija Juric, Maité Verreault, Franck Bielle, Ahmed Idbaih, et al.. Phenotypic selection through cell death: stochastic modelling of O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase dynamics. Royal Society Open Science, 2020, 7 (7), pp.191243. ⟨10.1098/rsos.191243⟩. ⟨hal-04521792⟩
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