Prospective phase II trial of the dual mTORC1/2 inhibitor vistusertib for progressive or symptomatic meningiomas in persons with neurofibromatosis 2 - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Neuro-Oncology Advances Year : 2023

Prospective phase II trial of the dual mTORC1/2 inhibitor vistusertib for progressive or symptomatic meningiomas in persons with neurofibromatosis 2

Abstract

Abstract Background Meningiomas occur in 80% of persons with neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) and cause significant mortality and morbidity, yet there are no effective medical treatments. NF2-deficient tumors have constitutive activation of mammalian/mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), and treatment with mTORC1 inhibitors results in growth arrest in a minority of tumors, with paradoxical activation of the mTORC2/AKT pathway. We studied the effect of vistusertib, a dual mTORC1/mTORC2 inhibitor, in NF2 patients with progressive or symptomatic meningiomas. Methods Vistusertib was administered orally at 125 mg twice daily for 2 consecutive days each week. The primary endpoint was the imaging response in the target meningioma, defined as a volume decrease of 20% compared with the baseline. Secondary endpoints included toxicity, imaging response of nontarget tumors, quality of life, and genetic biomarkers. Results Eighteen participants (13 female), median age of 41 (range, 18–61) years, were enrolled. In target meningiomas, the best response was partial response (PR) in 1/18 tumors (6%) and stable disease (SD) in 17/18 tumors (94%). For all measured intracranial meningiomas and vestibular schwannomas, the best imaging response was PR in 6/59 tumors (10%) and SD in 53 (90%). Treatment-related grade 3/4 adverse events occurred in 14 (78%) participants, and 9 participants discontinued treatment due to side effects. Conclusions Although the study did not meet the primary endpoint, vistusertib treatment was associated with high rates of SD in progressive NF2-related tumors. However, this dosing regimen for vistusertib was poorly tolerated. Future studies of dual mTORC inhibitors for NF2 should focus on optimizing tolerability and evaluating the relevance of tumor stability in participants.
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Dates and versions

hal-04522875 , version 1 (27-03-2024)

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Justin T Jordan, Christina C Orr, Raquel D Thalheimer, Josephine V Cambillo, Roberta L Beauchamp, et al.. Prospective phase II trial of the dual mTORC1/2 inhibitor vistusertib for progressive or symptomatic meningiomas in persons with neurofibromatosis 2. Neuro-Oncology Advances, 2023, 5 (1), pp.vdad041. ⟨10.1093/noajnl/vdad041⟩. ⟨hal-04522875⟩
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