Neuromelanin‐Sensitive Magnetic Resonance Imaging Changes in the Locus Coeruleus/Subcoeruleus Complex in Patients with Typical and Atypical Parkinsonism - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Movement Disorders Year : 2023

Neuromelanin‐Sensitive Magnetic Resonance Imaging Changes in the Locus Coeruleus/Subcoeruleus Complex in Patients with Typical and Atypical Parkinsonism

Rahul Gaurav
Lydia Chougar

Abstract

Abstract Background The locus coeruleus/subcoeruleus complex (LC/LsC) is a structure comprising melanized noradrenergic neurons. Objective To study the LC/LsC damage across Parkinson's disease (PD) and atypical parkinsonism in a large group of subjects. Methods We studied 98 healthy control subjects, 47 patients with isolated rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), 75 patients with PD plus RBD, 142 patients with PD without RBD, 19 patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and 19 patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA). Twelve patients with MSA had proven RBD. LC/LsC signal intensity was derived from neuromelanin magnetic resonance imaging using automated software. Results The signal intensity was reduced in all parkinsonian syndromes compared with healthy control subjects, except in PD without RBD. The signal intensity decreased as age increased. Moreover, the signal intensity was lower in MSA than in isolated RBD and PD without RBD groups. In PD, the signal intensity correlated negatively with the percentage of REM sleep without atonia. There were no differences in signal intensity between PD plus RBD, PSP, and MSA. Conclusions Neuromelanin signal intensity was reduced in all parkinsonian disorders, except in PD without RBD. The presence of RBD in parkinsonian disorders appears to be associated with lower neuromelanin signal intensity. Furthermore, lower LC/LsC signal changes in PSP could be partly caused by the effect of age. © 2023 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
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hal-04542597 , version 1 (11-04-2024)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Alexis Nobileau, Rahul Gaurav, Lydia Chougar, Alice Faucher, Romain Valabrègue, et al.. Neuromelanin‐Sensitive Magnetic Resonance Imaging Changes in the Locus Coeruleus/Subcoeruleus Complex in Patients with Typical and Atypical Parkinsonism. Movement Disorders, 2023, 38 (3), pp.479-484. ⟨10.1002/mds.29309⟩. ⟨hal-04542597⟩
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