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Journal Articles Physics in Medicine and Biology Year : 2024

Deciphering oxygen distribution and hypoxia profiles in the tumor microenvironment: a data-driven mechanistic modeling approach

Abstract

Abstract Objective . The distribution of hypoxia within tissues plays a critical role in tumor diagnosis and prognosis. Recognizing the significance of tumor oxygenation and hypoxia gradients, we introduce mathematical frameworks grounded in mechanistic modeling approaches for their quantitative assessment within a tumor microenvironment. By utilizing known blood vasculature, we aim to predict hypoxia levels across different tumor types. Approach . Our approach offers a computational method to measure and predict hypoxia using known blood vasculature. By formulating a reaction-diffusion model for oxygen distribution, we derive the corresponding hypoxia profile. Main results . The framework successfully replicates observed inter- and intra-tumor heterogeneity in experimentally obtained hypoxia profiles across various tumor types (breast, ovarian, pancreatic). Additionally, we propose a data-driven method to deduce partial differential equation models with spatially dependent parameters, which allows us to comprehend the variability of hypoxia profiles within tissues. The versatility of our framework lies in capturing diverse and dynamic behaviors of tumor oxygenation, as well as categorizing states of vascularization based on the dynamics of oxygen molecules, as identified by the model parameters. Significance . The proposed data-informed mechanistic method quantitatively assesses hypoxia in the tumor microenvironment by integrating diverse histopathological data and making predictions across different types of data. The framework provides valuable insights from both modeling and biological perspectives, advancing our comprehension of spatio-temporal dynamics of tumor oxygenation.
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hal-04612770 , version 1 (14-06-2024)

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Pawan Kumar, Matthieu Lacroix, Pierrick Dupré, Janan Arslan, Lise Fenou, et al.. Deciphering oxygen distribution and hypoxia profiles in the tumor microenvironment: a data-driven mechanistic modeling approach. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 2024, 69 (12), pp.125023. ⟨10.1088/1361-6560/ad524a⟩. ⟨hal-04612770⟩
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