Foveolar Drusen Decrease Fixation Stability in Pre-Symptomatic AMD - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science Year : 2024

Foveolar Drusen Decrease Fixation Stability in Pre-Symptomatic AMD

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims at linking subtle changes of fixational eye movements (FEM) in controls and in patients with foveal drusen using adaptive optics retinal imaging in order to find anatomo-functional markers for pre-symptomatic age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: We recruited 7 young controls, 4 older controls, and 16 patients with presymptomatic AMD with foveal drusen from the Silversight Cohort. A high-speed research-grade adaptive optics flood illumination ophthalmoscope (AO-FIO) was used for monocular retinal tracking of fixational eye movements. The system allows for sub-arcminute resolution, and high-speed and distortion-free imaging of the foveal area. Foveal drusen position and size were documented using gaze-dependent imaging on a clinical-grade AO-FIO. Results: FEM were measured with high precision (RMS-S2S = 0.0015 degrees on human eyes) and small foveal drusen (median diameter = 60 µm) were detected with high contrast imaging. Microsaccade amplitude, drift diffusion coefficient, and ISOline area (ISOA) were significantly larger for patients with foveal drusen compared with controls. Among the drusen participants, microsaccade amplitude was correlated to drusen eccentricity from the center of the fovea. Conclusions: A novel high-speed high-precision retinal tracking technique allowed for the characterization of FEM at the microscopic level. Foveal drusen altered fixation stability, resulting in compensatory FEM changes. Particularly, drusen at the foveolar level seemed to have a stronger impact on microsaccade amplitudes and ISOA. The unexpected anatomo-functional link between small foveal drusen and fixation stability opens up a new perspective of detecting oculomotor signatures of eye diseases at the presymptomatic stage.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
IOVS-24-40075_LR.pdf (3.69 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Files produced by the author(s)
Licence

Dates and versions

hal-04642472 , version 1 (10-07-2024)

Licence

Identifiers

Cite

Jimmy Murari, Josselin Gautier, Joël Daout, Léa Krafft, Pierre Senée, et al.. Foveolar Drusen Decrease Fixation Stability in Pre-Symptomatic AMD. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 2024, 65 (8), pp.13. ⟨10.1167/iovs.65.8.13⟩. ⟨hal-04642472⟩
0 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More