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An efficient recyclable magnetic material for the selective removal of organic pollutants

Abstract : Wastewater cleaning strategies based on the adsorption of materials are being increasingly considered, but the wide variety of organic pollutants at low concentrations still makes their removal a challenge. The hybrid material proposed here consists of a zwitterionic polyethylenimine polymer coating a magnetic core. Polyethylenimine is phosphonated at different percentages by a one-step process and used to coat maghemite nanoparticles. It selectively extracts high amounts of cationic and anionic contaminants over a wide range of pH values, depending on the adjustable number of phosphonate groups introduced on the polymer. After recovering the nanoparticles with a magnet, pollutants are quantitatively released by repeated washing with low amounts of pH-adjusted water. The material can be reused many times without noticeable loss of efficiency and is designed to resist high temperatures , oxidation and harsh conditions.
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Clément Monteil, Nathalie Bar, Agnès Bee, Didier Villemin. An efficient recyclable magnetic material for the selective removal of organic pollutants. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology., 2016, 7, pp.1447-1453. ⟨10.3762/bjnano.7.136⟩. ⟨hal-01404107⟩

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