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Journal Articles European Journal of Mechanics - A/Solids Year : 2016

Second order tensorial framework for 2D medium with open and closed cracks

Abstract

The tensorial nature of crack density of an initially isotropic 2D medium with open and closed cracks is studied by means of polar decomposition rewriting of standard micro-mechanics results. The question of both indicial and constitutive symmetries of different crack density tensors is addressed: for instance the standard fourth order crack density tensor is rari-constant (totally symmetric) and the fourth order closed cracks density tensor by which closed cracks are acting is found to have the square symmetry. The effect of cracks closure and sliding is accordingly shown to be represented by a second order tensor so that only two second order crack density tensors, are needed for 2D medium with open and closed sliding cracks. Similarly to the open cracks case, any arbitrary closed crack system is shown to be represented by only two non orthogonal families of cracks. The question of macroscopic cracks closure conditions is finally studied. Present study leads to an approximate framework in which the only internal variable representative of physical cracks, open and closed, is second order cracks density tensor. Proposed second order tensorial framework is shown to be exact in the case of two orthogonal arrays of cracks, open and/or closed, it is approximate in the general case of many arrays of cracks, open and/or closed.
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Dates and versions

hal-01455234 , version 1 (03-02-2017)

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Boris Desmorat, Rodrigue Desmorat. Second order tensorial framework for 2D medium with open and closed cracks. European Journal of Mechanics - A/Solids, 2016, 58, pp.262 - 277. ⟨10.1016/j.euromechsol.2016.02.004⟩. ⟨hal-01455234⟩
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