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Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2021

Enhanced X-ray emission arising from laser-plasma confinement by a strong transverse magnetic field

Abstract

We analyze, using experiments and 3D MHD numerical simulations, the dynamic and radiative properties of a plasma ablated by a laser (1 ns, 10[Formula: see text]-10[Formula: see text] W/cm[Formula: see text]) from a solid target as it expands into a homogeneous, strong magnetic field (up to 30 T) that is transverse to its main expansion axis. We find that as early as 2 ns after the start of the expansion, the plasma becomes constrained by the magnetic field. As the magnetic field strength is increased, more plasma is confined close to the target and is heated by magnetic compression. We also observe that after [Formula: see text] ns, the plasma is being overall shaped in a slab, with the plasma being compressed perpendicularly to the magnetic field, and being extended along the magnetic field direction. This dense slab rapidly expands into vacuum; however, it contains only [Formula: see text] of the total plasma. As a result of the higher density and increased heating of the plasma confined against the laser-irradiated solid target, there is a net enhancement of the total X-ray emissivity induced by the magnetization.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-03200393 , version 1 (16-04-2021)

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Cite

Evgeny D Filippov, Sergey S Makarov, Konstantin F Burdonov, Weipeng Yao, Guilhem Revet, et al.. Enhanced X-ray emission arising from laser-plasma confinement by a strong transverse magnetic field. Scientific Reports, 2021, 11 (1), pp.8180. ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-87651-8⟩. ⟨hal-03200393⟩
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