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Journal Articles Journal of Plasma Physics Year : 2023

Improved modellisation of laser–particle interaction in particle-in-cell simulations

Abstract

A new method named B-TIS (Bourgeois & Davoine, J. Comput. Phys. , vol. 413, 2020, 109426) has recently been proposed for suppressing the influence of numerical Cherenkov radiation that appears in particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation of laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA). However, while this method provides good results when applied to the already accelerated electrons, we show here that it cannot model correctly most of the plasma electron bulk interacting with the laser field. We thus investigate in this paper the origins of this limitation and propose an improved method for which this limitation is removed. This new method, named B-TIS3, can now be applied to a much broader variety of problems and improve the performance in comparison with the standard PIC algorithm. We show that, for an electron interacting directly with a laser pulse, this new technique offers greater accuracy in terms of momentum and motion than the conventional scheme used in many PIC codes. These improvements translate into more faithful energy spectrum and electric charge for the accelerated beam in simulations of vacuum laser acceleration (VLA) or LWFA involving direct laser acceleration (DLA) at low plasma density. This new method, easy to implement and not computationally demanding, should then prove useful to study in depth and help develop novel VLA, DLA and LWFA techniques.
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Dates and versions

hal-04080707 , version 1 (25-04-2023)

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Pierre-Louis Bourgeois, Xavier Davoine. Improved modellisation of laser–particle interaction in particle-in-cell simulations. Journal of Plasma Physics, 2023, 89 (2), pp.905890206. ⟨10.1017/S0022377823000223⟩. ⟨hal-04080707⟩
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