Non-impact effects in the absorption spectra of HCl diluted in CO2, air, and He: Measurements and predictions - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles The Journal of Chemical Physics Year : 2023

Non-impact effects in the absorption spectra of HCl diluted in CO2, air, and He: Measurements and predictions

Gang Li
  • Function : Author
Ngoc Hoa Ngo
Volker Ebert

Abstract

Non-impact effects in the absorption spectra of HCl in various collision-partners are investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Fourier transform spectra of HCl broadened by CO2, air, and He have been recorded in the 2-0 band region at room temperature and for a wide pressure range, from 1 to up to 11.5 bars. Comparisons between measurements and calculations using Voigt profiles show strong super-Lorentzian absorptions in the troughs between successive lines in the P and R branches for HCl in CO2. A weaker effect is observed for HCl in air, while for HCl in He, Lorentzian wings are in very good agreement with measurements. In addition, the line intensities retrieved by fitting the Voigt profile on the measured spectra decrease with the density of the perturber. This perturber-density dependence decreases with the rotational quantum number. For HCl in CO2, the decrease in the retrieved line intensity can reach 2.5% per amagat for the first rotational quantum numbers. This number is about 0.8% per amagat for HCl in air, while for HCl in He, no density dependence of the retrieved line intensity is observed. Requantized classical molecular dynamics simulations have been performed for HCl–CO2 and HCl–He in order to simulate the absorption spectra for various perturber-density conditions. The density dependence of the intensities retrieved from the simulated spectra and the predicted super-Lorentzian behavior in the troughs between lines are in good agreement with experimental determinations for both HCl–CO2 and HCl–He. Our analysis shows that these effects are due to incomplete or ongoing collisions, which govern the dipole auto-correlation function at very short times. The effects of these ongoing collisions strongly depend on the details of the intermolecular potential: they are negligible for HCl–He but significant for HCl–CO2 for which a line-shape model beyond the impact approximation will be needed to correctly model the absorption spectra from the center to the far wings.
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Dates and versions

hal-04093799 , version 1 (10-05-2023)

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Ha Tran, Gang Li, Ngoc Hoa Ngo, Volker Ebert. Non-impact effects in the absorption spectra of HCl diluted in CO2, air, and He: Measurements and predictions. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2023, 158 (18), ⟨10.1063/5.0147916⟩. ⟨hal-04093799⟩
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