SMO mutation status defines a distinct and frequent molecular subgroup in olfactory groove meningiomas - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Neuro-Oncology Year : 2017

SMO mutation status defines a distinct and frequent molecular subgroup in olfactory groove meningiomas

Abstract

Background: Meningiomas are the most common primary intracranial tumors in adults. Identification of SMO and AKT1 mutations in meningiomas has raised the hope for targeted therapies. It would be useful to know the precise frequency of these mutations in anatomical subgroups and clarify their prognostic value. Methods: We used the Sanger sequencing technique to characterize 79 samples of olfactory groove meningiomas for SMO (L412F and W535L) and AKT1E17K mutations. We reviewed clinical data to assess the prognostic value of these mutations in this anatomical subgroup. Results: Out of the 79 patients with olfactory groove meningiomas, we identified targetable mutations in 34 patients (43%) (22 patients [28%] with SMO mutation-L412F almost exclusively-and 12 patients [15%] with AKT1 mutation). Meningiomas in the SMO-mutant group had an overall 36% recurrence rate, significantly higher than in the AKT1-mutant group (16%) and in the "SMO and AKT1 wildtype" group (11%) (χ2 test, P = .04). All late recurrences (after 5 y) occurred in the SMO-mutant group. Among grade I meningiomas, the SMO-mutant group was identified as having a significantly poorer prognosis. World Health Organization histological grade II (P = .006) and incomplete resection (P = .001) were independently associated with shorter recurrence-free survival. Conclusion: Molecular diagnosis of SMOL412F/W535L and AKT1E17K mutations improves prognostic evaluation in olfactory groove meningiomas and opens new therapeutic perspectives with SMO or AKT inhibitors for recurrent cases.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
now276.pdf (2.95 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-04403759 , version 1 (18-01-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Julien Boetto, Franck Bielle, Marc Sanson, Matthieu Peyre, Michel Kalamarides. SMO mutation status defines a distinct and frequent molecular subgroup in olfactory groove meningiomas. Neuro-Oncology, 2017, 19 (3), pp.now276. ⟨10.1093/neuonc/now276⟩. ⟨hal-04403759⟩
33 View
3 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More