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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Yin-Yang spiraling transition of a confined buckled elastic sheet

Abstract

DNA in viral capsids, plant leaves in buds, and geological folds are examples in nature of tightly packed low-dimensional objects. However, the general equations describing their deformations and stresses are challenging. We report experimental and theoretical results of a model configuration of compression of a confined elastic sheet, which can be conceptualized as a 1D line inside a 2D rectangular box. In this configuration, the two opposite ends of a planar sheet are pushed closer, while being confined in the orthogonal direction by two walls separated by a given gap. Similar compaction of sheets has been previously studied, and was shown to buckle into quasi-periodic motifs. In our experiments, we observed a new phenomenon, namely the spontaneous instability of the sheet, leading to localization into a single Yin-Yang pattern. The linearized Euler Elastica theory of elastic rods, together with global energy considerations, allow us to predict the symmetrybreaking of the sheet in terms of the number of motifs, compression distance, and tangential force. Surprisingly, the appearance of the Yin-Yang pattern does not require friction, although it influences the threshold of the instability.
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Origin Files produced by the author(s)
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Dates and versions

hal-04197676 , version 1 (06-09-2023)
hal-04197676 , version 2 (18-12-2023)
hal-04197676 , version 3 (08-02-2024)

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Stéphanie Deboeuf, Suzie Protière, Eytan Katzav. Yin-Yang spiraling transition of a confined buckled elastic sheet. 2023. ⟨hal-04197676v1⟩
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